Down syndrome

Down syndrome
 Congenital condition, formerly called mongolism; named after the British physician J. L. H. Down (1828–1896). Sometimes still called Down’s syndrome, but increasingly the convention in medical circles is to abandon the possessive in the names of diseases (so Parkinson disease, Hodgkin disease).

Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors. 2013.

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  • Down syndrome — Down syn drome, Down s syndrome Down s syn drome, n. (Med.) A congenital disorder caused by an extra chromosome 21 in some or all cells. It causes a variable number and degree of abnormalities, including retarded growth, mental retardation, a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Down syndrome — [doun] n. [after J. L. H. Down (1828 96), Brit physician] a congenital condition characterized by abnormal chromosomes, mental deficiency, a broad face, slanting eyes, a short fifth finger, etc.; Mongolism: also called Down s syndrome …   English World dictionary

  • Down syndrome — Down syndrome. См. болезнь Дауна. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Down syndrome — Down ,syndrome noun uncount a medical condition that someone is born with, that makes them develop mentally and physically in a different way from most people …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Down syndrome — Classification and external resources Boy with Down syndrome assembling a …   Wikipedia

  • Down syndrome — A common chromosome disorder due to an extra chromosome number 21 (trisomy 21). Down syndrome causes mental retardation, a characteristic face, and multiple malformations. Down syndrome is a relatively common birth defect. The chromosome… …   Medical dictionary

  • Down syndrome — Pathol. a genetic disorder, associated with the presence of an extra chromosome 21, characterized by mild to severe mental retardation, weak muscle tone, a low nasal bridge, and epicanthic folds at the eyelids. Also, Down s syndrome. Formerly,… …   Universalium

  • Down syndrome — noun a congenital disorder caused by having an extra 21st chromosome; results in a flat face and short stature and mental retardation • Syn: ↑mongolism, ↑mongolianism, ↑Down s syndrome, ↑trisomy 21 • Hypernyms: ↑trisomy, ↑birth defect, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Down Syndrome Centre — is a registered Irish charity that was set up in 2002 by parents of children with Down syndrome. The aim of the charity is to establish Ireland’s first centre to provide a range of dedicated services medical, developmental and educational which… …   Wikipedia

  • Down syndrome — Down′ or Down s syndrome n. pat a genetic disorder associated with the presence of an extra chromosome 21, characterized by mental retardation, weak muscle tone, and epicanthic folds at the eyelids Formerly, mongolism Also called trisomy 21… …   From formal English to slang

  • Down syndrome — Down s syndrome …   The new mediacal dictionary

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